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Grenada Country Profile

Grenada consists of the island of Grenada, the most southerly of the Windwards in the Eastern Caribbean, and some of the southern Grenadine islands, the largest of which is Carriacou (33 sq km). Its Caribbean neighbours include St Vincent and the Grenadines (which includes the more northern Grenadines) and Trinidad and Tobago.

Full Name Grenada
Geographic Coordinates 12 07 N, 61 40 W
Capital and Largest City St George’s (38,000, 2014)
Area 344.5 sq km
Terrain volcanic in origin with central mountains
Climate tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Internet domain .gd
International dialling code +1 473
Nationality Grenadian(s)
Population 111,219 (July 2016 est.); Capital - St. George's (38,000, 2014)
Annual Growth Rate 0.46% (2016 est.)
Ethnic Groups African descent 89.4%, mixed 8.2%, East Indian 1.6%, other 0.9% (includes indigenous) (2001 est.)
Major Languages English (official), French patois
Major Religions Roman Catholic 44.6%, Protestant 43.5% (includes Anglican 11.5%, Pentecostal 11.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 10.5%, Baptist 2.9%, Church of God 2.6%, Methodist 1.8%, Evangelical 1.6%, other 1.3%), Jehovah's Witness 1.1%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 6.2%, none 3.6%
Adult Literacy 99.7%
Infant Mortality Rate 9.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy 74.5 years
Type Grenada is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state. She is represented by a Governor-General.
Independence 7 February 1974 (from the United Kingdom) | Learn more »
Constitution previous 1967; latest presented 19 December 1973, effective 7 February 1974, suspended 1979 following a revolution, but restored in 1983; amended 1991 (Constitutional Judicature Act, 1991); note - in late 2015, as part of constitutional reform, Parliament completed its first reading of a package of amendments (2016)| Learn more »
Executive Branch Governor-General (representing Queen Elizabeth II, head of state), Prime Minister (head of government), Cabinet.
Executive Branch

Governor-General (representing Queen Elizabeth II, head of state), Prime Minister (head of government), Cabinet

Chief of StateQueen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor-General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013) | Learn more »

Head of Government:Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013) (since 23 October 2010) | Learn more »

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister | Learn more »

Elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the Governor-General

Legislative Branch

bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 10 on the advice of the prime minister and 3 on the advice of the opposition party leader; members serve 5-year terms) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)| Learn more »

Elections: House of Representatives - last held on 13 March 2018 (next to be called in 2023) | Learn more »

Election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NNP 59%, NDC 41%; seats by party - NNP 15 | Learn more »

Judicial Branch

Highest Court(s): The Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Grenada; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 19 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states

Judge selection and term of office: Chief Justice of Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court appointed by the Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission, and independent body of judicial officials; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62

Subordinate courts: Magistrates' Courts; Court of Magisterial Appeals

Legislature Parliament of Grenada | Learn more »
Parliament Name House of Representative of Grenada | Learn more »
Structure of Parliament Bicameral | Learn more »
Members of Parliament Bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate with 13 seats and the House of Assembly with 15 seats.
Electoral Law Grenada Constitution (1973); Grenada Representation of the People's Act (1993) | Learn more »
Constituencies 30 single-member constituencies. | Learn more »
Voting System In the Senate, 10 members are appointed by the government to serve a 5-year term and 3 members are chosen by the opposition party to serve a 5-year term. In House of Representatives 15 members are elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term.
Term of Office 5 years
Voter Requirements
  • Age: 18 years
  • British Commonwealth citizenship
  • Ordinary domicile or residence in the country during the preceding 12 months
  • Disqualifications: insanity, undischarged bankruptcy, death sentence or imprisonment exceeding 12 months, allegiance to a foreign State
Suffrage Universal at 18 years of age
Candidate Eligibility and Requirements

Qualified electors
- age: 18 years
- British Commonwealth citizenship
- domicile or residence in country or residence for at least 12 months immediately before polling
- sufficient ability to speak and read English
- ineligibility: undischarged bankruptcy, allegiance to a foreign State, insanity, sentence of death or imprisonment exceeding one year, government contractors
- nomination by at least six registered electors of the constituency
- deposit of EC$ 300, reimbursed if candidate obtains at least 1/8 of the constituency vote

Electoral Authority Supervisor of Elections
Last Parliamentary Election 19 February 2013 | Learn more »
Next Parliamentary Election February 2018 | Learn more »
Number of Register Electors Approximately 62,148 (2013)
  Logo Party Political Leader Candidates in
2013 Election

Seats in

  New National Party (NNP) Keith C. MITCHELL 15 15
  National Democratic Congress (NDC) V. Nazim BURKE 15 0
GDP (purchasing power parity) USD $1.401 billion (2015 est.)
GDP Growth Rate 4.6% (2015 est.)
GDP Per Capita USD $13,100 (2015 est.)
Inflation Rate 1% (2015 est.); 2.3% (2014 est.)
Unemployment 33.5% (2013)
Main Exports Nutmeg, bananas, cocoa, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
Monetary Unit 1 East Caribbean dollar (XCD)  = 100 cents
Official Exchange Rate XCD 2.70 = USD 1.00
NNP = New National Party; NDC = New Democratic Congress; GEM = Grenada Empowerment Movement; GPM = Grenada Progressive Movement; GRP = Grenada Renaissance Party; GUPM = Grenada United Patriotic Movement; TLP = The Liberal Partry; TPP= The Progress Party; ULP = United Labour Platform; GULP = Grenada United Labour Platform; PLM = People's Labour Movement; GOD = Good Old Democracy; MBPM = Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement; URP = United Republican Party; CDLP = Christian Democratic Labour Party; GFLP = Grenada Federated Labour Party;IND = Independent; * Incumbent; ** Political Leader
Grenada Parliamentary Elections Office
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  Grenada Country Profile
  Grenada Government Structure
  Grenada Election Basics
  The Parliament of Grenada
  Political History and Dynamics
  Electoral Legislation
  Grenada Heads of State
  Grenada Heads of Government
  Grenada Leaders of the Opposition
  Grenada Timeline
  Women in Politics in Grenada
  Teacher Resources
  Glossary of Election Terms
  National Democratic Congress (NDC)
  New National Party (NNP)
  Grenada Empowerment Movement (GEM)
  Grenada Progressive Movement (GPM)
  Grenada Renaissance Party (GRP)
  Grenada United Patriotic Movement (GUPM)
  The Liberal Party (TLP)
  The Progress Party (TPP)
Download NDC 2018 Manifesto
Download NNP 2018 Manifesto
Download GEM 2018 Manifesto
Download TPP 2018 Manifesto
Download Grenada Knowledge Centre
Learn more Grenada Heads of State
Learn more Grenada Heads of Government
Learn more Grenada Leaders of the Opposition
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