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17. describe the electoral processes and systems used to elect a government in the Commonwealth Caribbean;

a. Definition of the following terms and concepts: government, political party, constituency, candidate, electorate, voters’ list, floating voter, representative, adult suffrage, franchise, manifesto, ballot, hung parliament, government of national unity, coalition government.

b. Electoral processes

c. Electoral systems: First – past – the – post and Proportional Representation (PR). Advantages and disadvantages.

18. describe how political parties prepare for elections;

Preparation for elections:

a. select candidates

b. raise funds

c. conduct campaigns

d. identify important issues

e. monitor the party in power/opposition

f. monitor the electoral processes

g. commission public opinion polls h. publish manifesto

19. outline the factors that influence the outcomes of elections;

Impact of the following on elections:

a. media coverage

b. campaign advertising

c. public opinion polls

d. voter turnout

e. voter attitude to government

f. campaign strategy

g. campaign spending

20. describe the factors that influence voter participation in elections

Influences on voter turnout:

a. Campaign issues

b. Candidates

c. Voter attitudes towards government

d. Voter loyalty to political parties

e. Voter apathy

f. Education

g. Age

h. Income.

21. differentiate among the types of government systems in the Commonwealth Caribbean Types of government systems – Crown Colony, Constitutional Monarchy, Republic.
22. describe the structure of government;

Structure of government – Principle of separation of powers.

a. Legislature – structure, composition and functions, steps in making laws, the role of the Opposition, the role of the Head of State.

b. Executive – composition and function, the role of the Civil Service.

c. Judiciary – Structure of the court system, functions of Magistrates’ Courts, High Courts, Privy Council, Caribbean Court of Justice

d. Role of the security systems, for example, police service, prison service.

23. evaluate the functions of government;

Functions of government:

a. Raise revenue through direct and indirect taxation.

b. Provide social services: welfare, education, health, public utilities.

c. Manage the finances of the country (budgeting).

d. Maintain law and order.

e. Create employment opportunities.

f. Maintain international relations.

g. Defend the nation state

24. describe the relationship between citizens and governments as stated in the constitution;

Relationship between citizen and government as stated in the constitution.

a. Definition of the following terms and concepts: constitution, democracy, authoritarian.

b. Human rights, freedoms and responsibilities

c. Role of the Ombudsman

25. identify the essentials of good governance; Characteristics of good governance – participation, independence of the judiciary, transparency, accountability, responsiveness to the needs of citizens, access to information, prudent use of resources, efficient civil service, and consultation, tolerance of freedom of expression
26. interpret statistical data in the form of tables, graphs and charts on elections. Statistical data relating to elections.
Caribbean Examinations Council. 2014. CSEC Social Studies Syllabus Effective for examinations from May/June 2010. Retrieved from http://www.cxc.org
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