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Bermuda Country Profile

Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists heading for Virginia. Self-governing since 1620, Bermuda is the oldest and most populous of the British overseas territories. Vacationing to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Tourism continues to be important to the island's economy, although international business has overtaken it in recent years. Bermuda has also developed into a highly successful offshore financial center. A referendum on independence from the UK was soundly defeated in 1995.

Full Name Bermuda
Geographic Coordinates 32 20 N, 64 45 W
Capital and Largest City Hamilton (10,000, 2014 est)
Area 54 sq km
Terrain Low hills separated by fertile depressions
Climate Subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter
Internet domain .bm
International dialling code +1 441
Nationality Bermudian(s)
Population 70,537 (July 2016 est.)
Annual Growth Rate 0.47% (2016 est.)
Ethnic Groups black 53.8%, white 31%, mixed 7.5%, other 7.1%, unspecified 0.6% (2010 est.)
Major Languages English (official), Portuguese
Major Religions Protestant 46.2% (includes Anglican 15.8%, African Methodist Episcopal 8.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 6.7, Pentecostal 3.5%, Methodist 2.7%, Presbyterian 2.0 %, Church of God 1.6%, Baptist 1.2%, Salvation Army 1.1%, Brethren 1.0%, other Protestant 2.0%), Roman Catholic 14.5%, Jehovah's Witness 1.3%, other Christian 9.1%, Muslim 1%, other 3.9%, none 17.8%, unspecified 6.2% (2010 est.)
Adult Literacy 98.0%
Infant Mortality Rate 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy Total population - 81.3 years;  male – 76.1 years; female –84.5 years (2016 est.)
Type Parliamentary democracy; self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom
Dependency Status Overseas territory of the United Kingdom
Constitution 8 June 1968 | Learn more »
Executive Branch Governor (representing Queen Elizabeth II, head of state), Premier (head of government), Cabinet.
Executive Branch

Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor John RANKIN (since 5 December 2016) | Learn more »

Head of Government: Premier David BURT (since 19 July 2017) | Learn more »

Cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the Premier, appointed by the Governor | Learn more »

Elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; Governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed premier by the Governor.

Legislative Branch

Bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; members appointed - 3 by the governor, 5 by the premier, and 3 by the opposition party; members serve 5-year terms) and the House of Assembly (36 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve up to 5-year terms) | Learn more »

Elections: House of Assembly - last held on 18 July 2017 (next to be called in 2022) | Learn more »

Election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - OBA 40.61%, PLP 58.89%, other 0.50%; seats by party - OBA 12, PLP 24 | Learn more »

Judicial Branch

Highest Court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and at least 2 justices); Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice, 4 puisne judges, and 1 associate justice); note - the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in London, is the court of final appeal

Judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal justice appointed by the governor; justice tenure by individual appointment; Supreme Court judges nominated by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission and appointed by the governor; judge tenure based on terms of appointment

Subordinate courts: commercial court (began in 2006); magistrates' courts

Legislature Parliament of Bermuda | Learn more »
Parliament Name House of Assembly of Bermuda | Learn more »
Structure of Parliament Bicameral | Learn more »
Members of Parliament 36 members elected at least every five years by universal adult suffrage
Electoral Law Bermuda Constitution Order (1968); Bermuda Parliamentary Election Act (1978) | Learn more »
Constituencies 36 single-member constituencies. | Learn more »
Voting System In the House of Assembly, 36 members are elected by simple majority vote (first past the post).in single-member constituencies
Term of Office 5 years
Voter Requirements Persons can register to vote if they are Bermudian and 18 years of age or older, or non-Bermudian Commonwealth citizens who were registered to vote on 1st May 1976. Persons who are not ordinarily resident in Bermuda if they reside outside of Bermuda for more than 6 months.
Suffrage Universal at 18 years of age
Candidate Eligibility and Requirements Qualification & Disqualification under Sections 29&30 of the Bermuda Constituitional Order 1968.
Electoral Authority Parliamentary Registry Office (PRO)
Last Parliamentary Election 18 Junl 2017 | Learn more »
Next Parliamentary Election July 2022 | Learn more »
Number of Register Electors Approximately 34,060 (2017)
Party Code Political Leader Candidates in 2017 Election Seats in House of Assembly
2017 2012
  One Bermuda Alliance OBA Michael DUNKLEY 36 12 19
  Progressive Labour Party PLP David BURT 36 24 17
GDP (purchasing power parity) USD$5.198 billion (2013 est.)
GDP Growth Rate -2.5% (2013 est.)
GDP Per Capita $85,700 (2013 est.)
Inflation Rate 1.2% (2016 est.)
Unemployment 9% (2014 est.)
Main Exports reexports of pharmaceuticals
Monetary Unit 1 Bermudian dollar (BMD)  = 100 cents
Official Exchange Rate BMD 1.00 = USD 1.00
   Bermuda Country Profile
   Bermuda Government Structure
   Bermuda Election Basics
   The Parliament of Bermuda
   Political History and Dynamics
   Bermuda Heads of Government
   Electoral Legislation
   Bermuda Timeline
   Teacher Resources
   Glossary of Election Terms
  One Bermuda Alliance
  Progressive Labour Party
 PARTY 2017 PLATFORMS learn more
Download OBA 2017 Platform
Download PLP 2017 Platform
Download Bermuda Knowledge Centre
Learn more Bermuda Heads of State
Learn more Bermuda Heads of Government
Learn more Bermuda Leaders of the Opposition
Caribbean Elections
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OBA = One Bermuda Alliance; PLP = Progressive Labour Party; IND = Inpendent candidate; * Incumbent; ** Political Leader
Bermuda Parliamentary Registry Office
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