THEME 8: CARIBBEAN POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT UP TO 1985
Students should be able to:
1. explain the reasons for the failure of the major attempts at unification in the British-colonised Caribbean before 1939;
2. assess the relationship between popular protest and political developments in the Caribbean between 1935-1958;
3. explain the reasons for the establishment of a federation of the British West Indies between 1945 and 1958;
4. explain the reasons for the failure of the British West Indies Federation in 1962;
5. describe the contribution made to Caribbean integration by outstanding personalities (male and female) in the English-speaking territories.
6. describe constitutional arrangements used by non English-speaking Caribbean territories as alternatives to independence.
1. Early attempts - Leeward Islands 1674, Leeward Islands 1871, Windward Islands 1874 - 1876. Economic, political and social reasons for failure.
2. Moyne Commission, outcomes of protests and riots, trade unions, political parties, adult suffrage and self - government.
3. Movement to establish a federation: Reasons for unity - economic, social and political similarities. Role of the Colonial office.
4. Reasons for failure - economic, political, and social factors.
5. Personalities involved in integration: early life, education, career, philosophy, impact on movement.
6. Alternatives to independence: (i) Plebisite and Commonwealth - Puerto Rico; (ii) Tripartite kingdom - Netherland Antilles; (iii) Départments - French Islands.